3.3.2 Gesteuerter und ungesteuerter Zweitspracherwerb

3.3.2 Gesteuerter und ungesteuerter Zweitspracherwerb

  • Brown, Tony; Bown, Jennifer (Hg.) (2015): To advanced proficiency and beyond. Theory and methods for developing superior second language ability. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
  • Chan, Wai Meng; Chin, Kwee Nyet; Nagami, Masanori; Suthiwan, Titima (Hg.) (2011): Processes and process-orientation in foreign language teaching and learning. Berlin, Boston: de Gruyter Mouton (Studies in second and foreign language education, 4). Online verfügbar unter http://www.degruyter.com/doi/book/10.1515/9781614510185.
  • Cui Xiliang u.a. (2008): Hanyu zuowei di er yuyan de xide yu renzhi yanjiu 汉语作为第二语言的习得与认知研究. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe.
  • Du, Yi (2016): The Use of First and Second Language in Chinese University EFL Classrooms. Singapore: Springer Singapore; Imprint: Springer.
  • He, Agnes, Weiyun (2018): A non-linear view on interactional competence: speaking Chinese as a heritage language. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 336–351.
  • Jin, Hong Gang (2018): Implicit and explicit learning, knowledge, and instruction in CFL studies Jin. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 393–414.
  • Kinginger, Celeste; Wu, Qian; Lee, Sheng-Hsun (2018): Chinese language acquisition in study abroad contexts. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 301–317.
  • Shen, H. H. (2018): Chinese as a second language reading: lexical access and text comprehension. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 134–150.
  • Yuan, Fangyuan (2018): Form-focused instruction and task-based language teaching in Chinese as a second language. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 415–431.

3.3.2.1 Einführende Darstellungen


  • Alexander, Richard (1979): Elements of a theory of second language learning. Frankfurt a.M.: Lang (Foreign language studies, 2).
  • Andersen, Roger W. (Hg.) (1981): New dimensions in second language acquisition research. Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. Rowley, Mass: Newbury House Publishers.
  • Cai, Wei (2018): Chinese listening comprehension: research and pedagogy. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 279–300.
  • Han, ZhaoHong (2017): The Theoretical Landscape of Second Language Acquisition. In: Istvan Kecskes und Chaofen Sun (Hg.): Key Issues In Chinese as a Second Language Research. New York, NY : Routledge, [2017]: Routledge, S. 3–26.
  • Hoffmann, Sabine; Stork, Antje (Hg.) (2015): Lernerorientierte Fremdsprachenforschung und -didaktik. Festschrift für Frank G. Königs zum 60. Geburtstag: Narr Verlag.
  • Hu Mingyang (2005): di’er yuyan de xuexi he jiaoxue 第二语言的学习和教学. In: Qi Huyang (Hg.): „duiwai hanyu yanjiu“ di yi qi 《对外汉语研究》第一期. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
  • Johnson, Marysia (2004): A philosophy of second language acquisition. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
  • Kondo-Brown, Kimi (2005): Differences in Language Skills: Heritage Language Learner Subgroups and Foreign Language Learners. In: The Modern Language Journal 89 (4), S. 563–581.
  • TESOL Asia (Hg.) (2011): Asian EFL Journal (7).
  • Wang, Kuijing (1993): 语言和文化的关系与第二语言的教学. yuyan he wenhua de guanxi yu di’er yuyan de jiaoxue. In: Beijing shifan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban), 1993 (6).
  • Wang Kuijing (1998): di’er yuyan xuexi lilun yanjiu 第二语言学习理论研究. Beijing: Beijing shifan daxue chubanshe 北京师范大学出版社.
  • 中国社会科学院言語研究所 (Hg.) (1996): 当代语言学. Beijing: 中国社会科学出版社.

3.3.2.2 Zweitspracherwerb Chinesisch


  • Bazant-Kimmel, Christina (2018): Learning to Read Authentic Texts in Chinese as a Foreign Language: An Action Research-Based Investigation of a New Approach towards Raising Students’ Awareness of Literary Function Words. In: Vienna Journal of East Asian Studies 10 (1), S. 211–232. DOI: 10.2478/vjeas-2018-0008.
  • Bernard Mohan; Jingzi Huang (2002): Assessing the Integration of Language and Content in a Mandarin as a Foreign Language Classroom. In: Linguistics and Education 13 (3), S. 405–433. DOI: 10.1016/S0898-5898(01)00076-6.
  • Cao, Fei 曹沸 (2013): Chuxuezhe Hanyu yinguo biaoji xide de xuanze pianxiang jiqi zhiyue jizhi 初学者汉语因果标记习得的选择偏向及其制约机制. In: Journal of Chinese Lanugage Teachers Association 48 (2), S. 45–67.
  • Chang, Wei-Lin Melody; Haugh, Michael (2017): Intercultural Communicative Competence and Emotion Among Second Language Learners of Chinese. In: Istvan Kecskes und Chaofen Sun (Hg.): Key Issues In Chinese as a Second Language Research. New York, NY : Routledge, [2017]: Routledge, S. 267–286.
  • Charters, Helen (2013): SLA of Mandarin nominal syntax: Emergence order in the early stages. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Research in Chinese as a Second Language. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton (Trends in Applied Linguistics /TAL], 9), S. 257–280.
  • Chen Hong u. a. (2003): Duiwai Hanyu Ketang Jiaoan Sheji 对外汉语教学课堂教案设计. Beijing: Huayu jiaoxue chubanshe 华语教学出版社
  • Chen, Chen 陈晨 (2010): Yingyu guojia xuesheng zhong-gaoji Hanyu pianzhang xianjie kaocha 英语国家学生中高级汉语篇章衔接考察. In: Cui Xiliang u.a. (Hg.): Ou-Mei xuesheng Hanyu xuexi he renzhi yanjiu 欧美学生汉语学习和认知研究. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe, S. 272–282.
  • Chen, Chen 陈晨 (2010): Yingyu muyu xuesheng Hanyu yupian lianjie chengfen xide qingkuang de kaocha 英语母语学生汉语语篇连结成分习得情况的考察. In: Cui Xiliang u.a. (Hg.): Ou-Mei xuesheng Hanyu xuexi he renzhi yanjiu 欧美学生汉语学习和认知研究. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe, S. 283–299.
  • Chi, Yangqin 池扬琴; Gao, Liqun 高立群 (2010): Hanyu konglunyuan de di’er yuyan xide yanjiu. In: Cui Xiliang u.a. (Hg.): Ou-Mei xuesheng Hanyu xuexi he renzhi yanjiu 欧美学生汉语学习和认知研究. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe, S. 93–121.
  • Chung, Y. C. (2012): Schools at Home: Parental Support for Learning Mandarin as a Second or Foreign Language. Dissertation. University of London, London.
  • Da, Jun; Zheng, Yanqun (2018): Technology and the teaching and learning of Chinese as a foreign language. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 432–447.
  • Dai Qingxia (1999): di’er yuyan (hanyu) jiaoxue gailun 第二语言(汉语)教学概论. Beijing: Minzu chubanshe.
  • Devitt, Ann; Liu, Weiming (2017): Bootstrapping learning in a Chinese beginners’ classroom. In: Yang Lu (Hg.): Teaching and Learning Chinese in Higher Education. Theoretical and Practical Issues: Routledge, S. 157–176.
  • Du, Hang (2010): The acquisition of the ba construction by adult English speakers. In: Michael E. Everson und Helen H. Shen (Hg.): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5), S. 5–34.
  • Du, Hang (2016): A corpus linguistics approach to the research and teaching of Chinese as a second language. The case of the ba-construction. In: Hongyin Tao (Hg.): Integrating Chinese Linguistic Research and Language Teaching and Learning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company (7), S. 13–32.
  • Duff, Patricia; Anderson, Tim; Ilnyckyj, Roma; VanGaya, Ella; Wang, Rachel; Yates, Elliott (2013): Learning Chinese. Linguistic, Sociocultural, and Narrative Perspectives. 1. Aufl. s.l.: Mouton de Gruyter (Trends in Applied Linguistics /TAL], v.5). Online verfügbar unter http://site.ebrary.com/lib/alltitles/docDetail.action?docID=10677786.
  • Eagle, Shu-Yi (2017): Expressing Necessity in Chinese: A Pilot Study. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Explorations into Chinese as a Second Language. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Educational Linguistics, v.31), S. 207–219.
  • Everson, Michael E. (2013): Teaching and Learning Chinese in Global Contexts: Multimodality and Literacy in the New Media Age. In: Journal of Chinese Lanugage Teachers Association 48 (1), S. 109–117.
  • Everson, Michael E.; Shen, Helen H. (Hg.) (2010): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5).
  • Gao, Binnan (2014): Comparison between Advanced-Level Chinese Heritage and Non-heritage Learners’ Narrative Writing. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 77–102.
  • Guder, Andreas/Jiang Xin 江新/Wan Yexin 万业馨 (Hrsg.) (Hg.) (2007): Hanzi de renzhi yu jiaoxue: Xifang xuexizhe hanzi renzhi guoji yantaohui. The cognition, learning and teaching of Chinese characters. 汉字的认知与教学:西方学习者汉字认知国际研讨会. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.
  • Guo Xi (2006): yi fuzhu zhuanye jiaoxue wei mudi de hanyu zuowei di’er yuyan de jiaoxue: shijian yu sikao 以辅助专业教学为目的的汉语作为第二语言的教学:实践与思考. In: Qi Huyang (Hg.): „duiwai hanyu yanjiu“ di er qi 《对外汉语研究》第二期. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
  • Guo, Jiaqi F. (2017): Learning Chinese idioms. A luxury or necessity for the CFL curriculum? In: Yang Lu (Hg.): Teaching and Learning Chinese in Higher Education. Theoretical and Practical Issues: Routledge, S. 83–108.
  • Han, ZhaoHong (2016): Studies in Second Language Acquisition of Chinese. In: International Journal of Chinese Linguistics (3), S. 310–314. Online verfügbar unter http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=778374.
  • Hogue, Joshua Alan (2017): The effects of one-on-one teaching on Chinese speaking ability, student anxiety, and student preference.
  • Huang, Sha (2014): CFL learners’ strategies used to interpret new compound words in sentence reading. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 210–235.
  • Jiang, Nan (Hg.) (2014): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Online verfügbar unter https://www.cambridgescholars.com/advances-in-chinese-as-a-second-language-9.
  • Jiang, Wenying (2017): Acquisition of Word Order in Chinese as a Foreign Language. Replication and Extension. In: Istvan Kecskes und Chaofen Sun (Hg.): Key Issues In Chinese as a Second Language Research. New York, NY : Routledge, [2017]: Routledge, S. 162–187.
  • Jin Honggang (2005): Di er yuyan xide yu yuyan xingshi wei zhongxin de jiegou jiaoxue tantao 第二语言习得与语言形式为中心的结构教学探讨. Form-focused Instruction and Second Language Learning: Some Pedagogical Considerations and Teaching Techniques. In: Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 40 (2), S. 43–66.
  • Jin, Hong Gang (2018): Implicit and explicit learning, knowledge, and instruction in CFL studies Jin. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 393–414.
  • Kecskes, Istvan (Hg.) (2013): Research in Chinese as a Second Language. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton (Trends in Applied Linguistics /TAL], 9). Online verfügbar unter http://www.degruyter.com/search?f_0=isbnissn&q_0=9781614512554&searchTitles=true.
  • Kecskes, Istvan; Sun, Chaofen (Hg.) (2017): Key Issues In Chinese as a Second Language Research. New York, NY : Routledge, [2017]: Routledge.
  • Li, Ping; Yang, Jing (2018): Neurocognitive approaches to Chinese second language learning. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 11–30.
  • Li, Rong (2005): 非目的语环境下非院校汉语教学对象分析. Fei mudi yu huanjing xia fei yuanxiao hanyu jiaoxue duixiang fenxi. In: CHUN – Chinesischunterricht 20, S. 61–66.
  • Liao, Jianling (2018): Acquisition and assessment of L2 Chinese speaking. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 234–260.
  • Liu Xun (1997): shilun Hanyu zuowei di’er yuyan jiaoxue de jiben yuanze – jianlun hai nei wai hanyu jiaoxue de xueke jianshe 试论汉语作为第二语言教学的基本原则——兼论海内外汉语教学的学科建设. In: Shijie hanyu jiaoxue (1).
  • Liu, Feng-hsi (2017): Second Language Acquisition of Aspect in Mandarin Chinese. In: Istvan Kecskes und Chaofen Sun (Hg.): Key Issues In Chinese as a Second Language Research. New York, NY : Routledge, [2017]: Routledge, S. 214–234.
  • Liu, Haiyong (2014): The Second Language Acquisition of Chinese Bare Nouns by English Speakers. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 141–156.
  • Liu, Meiru; Luo, Xuanmin (2014): Problems in teaching Chinese to English-speaking learners. The role of translation in second language acquisition. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.
  • Liu, Zhaojing 刘兆静; Gao, Liqun 高立群 (2010): Zhong-wai xuesheng liyong Hanyu yunlü xinxi xiaojie jufa jiegou qiyi de shiyan yanjiu 中外学生利用汉语韵律信息消解句法结构歧义的实验研究. In: Cui Xiliang u.a. (Hg.): Ou-Mei xuesheng Hanyu xuexi he renzhi yanjiu 欧美学生汉语学习和认知研究. Beijing: Beijing daxue chubanshe, S. 174–180.
  • Lu Jianming (2005): zuowei di’er yuyan de hanyu benti yanjiu 作为第二语言的汉语本体研究. Beijing: Waiyu jiaoxue yu yanjiu chubanshe 外语教学与研究出版社.
  • Lü, Chan (2010): The effects of word-knowledge depth, part of speech, and proficiency level on word association among learners of Chinese as a second language. In: Michael E. Everson und Helen H. Shen (Hg.): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5), S. 67–92.
  • Lu, Xiaofei; Chen, Berlin (2019): Computational and Corpus Approaches to Chinese Language Learning: An Introduction. In: Xiaofei Lu und Berlin Chen (Hg.): Computational and Corpus Approaches to Chinese Language Learning. Singapore: Springer Singapore (Chinese Language Learning Sciences), S. 3–11.
  • Lu, Yan (2015): Etude contrastive de la prosodie audio-visuelle des affects sociaux en chinois mandarin vs.français. Vers une application pour l’apprentissage de la langue étrangère ou seconde.
  • Lu, Yang (Hg.) (2017): Teaching and Learning Chinese in Higher Education. Theoretical and Practical Issues: Routledge. Online verfügbar unter http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/gbv/detail.action?docID=4813436.
  • Lu, Yuan; Ke, Chuanren (2018): L2 Chinese grammar development. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 151–216.
  • Luo, Han (2013): Chinese Language Learning Anxiety and its Associated Factors. In: Journal of Chinese Lanugage Teachers Association 48 (1), S. 1–25.
  • Luo, Han (2014): Anxiety in Learning Chinese as a Heritage Language and the Influence of Background Variables. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 103–120.
  • Luo, Han (2018): Foreign language anxiety: the case of learning Chinese. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 373–390.
  • Moloney, Robyn; Xu, Hui Ling (Hg.) (2016): Exploring Innovative Pedagogy in the Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Foreign Language: Springer Singapore (Multilingual Education). Online verfügbar unter http://gbv.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=4086885.
  • Morbiato, Anna (2017): Information Encoding, Mandarin Chinese Word Order and CSLA: A Cognitive-Functional Account. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Explorations into Chinese as a Second Language. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Educational Linguistics, v.31), S. 83–107.
  • Müller, Petra (1985): Zur Situation des Chinesischunterrichts für Ausländer in China (Zusammenfassung des Beitrags von Herrn Cheng Tang). In: CHUN – Chinesischunterricht
  • Neubauer, Diane (2018): Cold Character Reading: A Chinese Literacy Strategy. In: Central States Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (Hg.): CSCTFL Report: The Power of Language, The Power of People: Celebrating 50 Years. Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, S. 137–154. Online verfügbar unter https://csctfl.wildapricot.org/resources/Documents/2018Report/7%20Neubauer.pdf.
  • Olmanson, Justin; Liu, Xianquan (2017): The Challenge of Chinese Character Acquisition. Leveraging Multimodality in Overcoming a Centuries-Old Problem. In: Emerging Learning Design Journal 4 (1), S. 1–9. Online verfügbar unter https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/teachlearnfacpub/239/.
  • Packard, Jerome Lee (2008): Relative Clause Processing in L 2 Speakers of Mandarin and English. In: Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 43 (2), S. 107–146.
  • Paul, Jing Z. (2014): Expressing caused motion events in L2 Chinese: The case of learning a language that is typologically similar to the learners’ L1. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 271–298.
  • Qian Yulian ; Zhao Qingju (2009): Liuxuesheng hanyu shuchu xuexi celue yanjiu 留学生汉语输出学习策略研究. Beijing: Shijie tushu chubanshe.
  • Qing Ma (2013): Matching vocabulary learning process with learning outcome in L2 academic writing: An exploratory case study. In: Linguistics and Education 24 (2), S. 237–246. DOI: 10.1016/j.linged.2012.11.002.
  • Romagnoli, Chiara (2016): Explicit, implicit and metalinguistic knowledge in L2 Chinese. In: Hongyin Tao (Hg.): Integrating Chinese Linguistic Research and Language Teaching and Learning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company (7), S. 81–96.
  • Ruan, Jiening; Zhang, Jie; Leung, Cynthia B. (Hg.) (2016): Chinese Language Education in the United States. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer Science + Business Media (Multilingual Education, 14). Online verfügbar unter http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&AN=1093963.
  • Scrimgeour, Andrew (2012): Issues and Approaches to Literacy Development in Chinese Second Language Classrooms. In: Linda T. H. Tsung und Ken Cruikshank (Hg.): Teaching and learning Chinese in global contexts. Multimodality and literacy in the new media age. London: Continuum, S. 197–212.
  • Shen, H. H. (2010): Analysis of Radical Knowledge Development Among Beginning CFL Learners. In: Michael E. Everson und Helen H. Shen (Hg.): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5), S. 45–66.
  • Shi, Lijing (2017): The impact of an online grammar self-assessment system on CFL learners and teachers. In: Yang Lu (Hg.): Teaching and Learning Chinese in Higher Education. Theoretical and Practical Issues: Routledge, S. 177–197.
  • Tao, Liang (2016): Metalinguistic awareness and self-repair in Chinese language learning. In: Hongyin Tao (Hg.): Integrating Chinese Linguistic Research and Language Teaching and Learning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company (7), S. 97–120.
  • Tasker, Isabel (2010): Intermediate Distance Learners of Chinese Look Back: A survey Study. In: Michael E. Everson und Helen H. Shen (Hg.): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5), S. 153–178.
  • Třísková, Hana (2016): De-stressed words in Mandarin: drawing parallel with English. In: Hongyin Tao (Hg.): Integrating Chinese Linguistic Research and Language Teaching and Learning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company (7), S. 121–144.
  • Třísková, Hana (2017): Acquiring and Teaching Chinese Pronunciation. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Explorations into Chinese as a Second Language. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Educational Linguistics, v.31), S. 3–30.
  • Tseng, Miao-Fen (2010): Language Attrition in Grammar and Receptive Skills in Mandarin Chinese. In: Michael E. Everson und Helen H. Shen (Hg.): Research among learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press (Chinese Language Teachers Association monograph series, 5), S. 35–44.
  • Waltz, Terry (2015): TPRS [Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling] with Chinese Characteristics: Squid for Brains.
  • Wang Jianqin (Hg.) (1997): hanyu zuowei di’er yuyan de xide yanjiu 汉语作为第二语言的习得研究. Beijing: Beijing yuyan wenhua daxue chubanshe 北京语言文化大学出版社.
  • Wang Jianqin (Hg.) (2006): hanyu zuowei di’er waiyu de xuexizhe xide guocheng yanjiu 汉语作为第二外语的学习者习得过程研究. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
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  • Wang Xiaojun (2000): huayu yufa xide tantao. Beijing: Huayu jiaoxue chubanshe 华语教学出版社
  • Wang, Jianqin 王建勤 (Hg.) (2006): hanyu zuowei di’er yuyan de xuexizhe yu hanyu renzhi yanjiu 汉语作为第二语言的学习者与汉语认知研究. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
  • Wang, Min; Perfetti, Charles A.; Liu, Ying (2014): The roles of character properties in early learning to Read Chinese as a Second Language. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 179–209.
  • Wen, Xiaohong (2006): Acquisition Sequence of Three Constructions: An Analysis of the Interlanguage of learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language. In: Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 41 (3), S. 89–113.
  • Wen, Xiaohong (2018): Motivation and Chinese second language acquisition. In: Chuanren Ke (Hg.): The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Second Language Acquisition. Milton: Routledge (Routledge Language Handbooks), S. 352–372.
  • Wu, Yu (2014): The Effect of Metalinguistic Prompts on the Acquisition of Chinese wh-Questions. In: Nan Jiang (Hg.): Advances in Chinese as a Second Language. Acquisition and Processing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, S. 33–53.
  • Wu, Yu (2019): Differential Effects of Recasts and Metalinguistic Prompts on the Acquisition of Chinese Wh-Questions and Classifiers. In: Fangyuan Yuan und Shuai Li (Hg.): Classroom Research on Chinese as a Second Language: Routledge, S. 45–76.
  • Xie, Tianwei (1992): Topic-controlled deletion in topic chains in Chinese. A comparison between native speakers and foreign language learners. In: Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association 27 (3), S. 21–32.
  • Xing, Hongbing (2011): Han yu zuo wei di er yu yan xi de de ren zhi tan suo. A cognitive approach to the acquisition of Chinese as a second language. Aufl. Bei jing: Shi jie tu shu chu ban gong si.
  • Xiong, Wen (2013): The acquisition of Chinese modal auxiliary Neng Verb Group (NVG): A case study of an English L2 learner of Chinese. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Research in Chinese as a Second Language. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton (Trends in Applied Linguistics /TAL], 9), S. 187–214.
  • Xu, Jiajin (2019): The Corpus Approach to the Teaching and Learning of Chinese as an L1 and an L2 in Retrospect. In: Xiaofei Lu und Berlin Chen (Hg.): Computational and Corpus Approaches to Chinese Language Learning. Singapore: Springer Singapore (Chinese Language Learning Sciences), S. 33–53.
  • Xu, Yi (2013): Acquisition of Chinese relative clauses at the initial stage. In: Istvan Kecskes (Hg.): Research in Chinese as a Second Language. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton (Trends in Applied Linguistics /TAL], 9), S. 215–234.
  • Yang Huiyuan (2000): di’er yuyan jiaoxue de xin moshi (shiyan sheji) 第二语言教学的新模式(实验设计). In: Hanyu Xuexi (6).
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